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Thus, its force was diminished and it only served as a trade center until it was conquered by Goguryeo in 313.
During the period known as the Proto–Three Kingdoms of Korea, the states of Buyeo, Okjeo, Dongye, and Samhan occupied the Korean peninsula and southern Manchuria.
Goryeo was never conquered by the Mongols, but exhausted after three decades of fighting, the Korean court sent its crown prince to the Yuan capital to swear allegiance to Kublai Khan, who accepted, and married one of his daughters to the Korean crown prince.
Henceforth, Goryeo continued to rule Korea, though as a tributary ally to the Mongols for the next 86 years.
From them, Goguryeo, Baekje, and Silla emerged to control the peninsula as the Three Kingdoms of Korea.
In the 15th century, Koreans had one of the highest living standards in the world, and Sejong the Great invented Hangul to promote literacy amongst the general Korean population, enabling anyone to easily learn to read and write and transfer written information rather than spend years in learning complicated Hanja.
Peace has since mostly continued with the two agreeing to work peacefully for reunification and the South solidifying peace as a regional power with the world's 10th largest defense budget. The South Korean economy soared at an annual average of 10% for over 30 years Globally, it ranks highly in personal safety, job security, ease of doing business and healthcare quality, with the world's third highest health adjusted life expectancy and fourth most efficient healthcare system.
South Korea is a member of the United Nations, World Bank, World Health Organization, International Monetary Fund, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, G20 and a global partner of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. The name Goryeo itself was first used by the ancient kingdom of Goguryeo in the 5th century as a shortened form of its name.
The unification of the Three Kingdoms by Silla in 676 led to the North South States Period, in which much of the Korean Peninsula was controlled by Later Silla, while Balhae controlled the northern parts of Goguryeo.
Balhae was founded by a Goguryeo general and formed as a successor state to Goguryeo.